Delfiner lider i Fangenskab

Delfinarier er et mareridt for en Delfin

 

Delfiner underholder turister i delfinarier over hele Europa. Men mange turister er ikke klar over de mentale og fysiske lidelser, som deres entrébillet fører med sig.
Delfiner egner sig ikke til at leve i fangenskab. De er intelligente pattedyr med komplekse behov. Bag delfinens smil gemmer sig stress og aggression, og livet i bassin indebærer væsentlig kortere levetid og formeringsvanskeligheder.
Delfiner hører til i det åbne hav, hvor de kan dykke dybt og svømme langt. I stedet lever de i klorholdigt vand, udsat for solens stråler i det lave bassinvand – det giver delfinerne sår og skader på huden og i øjnene. Ofte dør de af klorinforgiftning og stressrelaterede sygdomme.


Den ser jo glad ud, som den driver rundt i bassinet, delfinen med den buttede næse. Og hula-hop-ringen over vandet springer den også gladeligt igennem. Sådan oplever de fleste turister et besøg i delfinarium.
Virkeligheden er bare en helt anden. Delfiner i fangenskab trives overhovedet ikke. De er trænet til at lave imponerende spring via belønninger med godbidder. Eller afstraffelse, hvis ikke de udfører de indøvede øvelser.

I hope you'll join me in this campaign to stop the killing of dolphins in Japan.
Most people in Japan don't have any idea that the dolphin slaughter is even
happening. If we can spread the word around the world - and especially in Japan
- we can expose the secret of Taiji and force the Japanese government to stop
it. We can win this issue - but we need your help. At the Cove in Taiji,
the dolphin killing continues. Although the killing of bottlenose dolphins - the
primary target species - has dramatically decreased compared to previous
seasons, they, along with other dolphin species, including many pilot whales and
Risso's dolphins, continue to be captured for aquariums and slaughtered for meat
by the Taiji fishermen. The fight for the protection of all marine mammals goes
on. For updates on the situation, visit our  blog
 http://www.SaveJapanDolphins.org/blog.html  


 Marine mammal experts might not be exactly sure what prompted Tilikum, the orca at SeaWorld in Orlando, to grab a trainer, shake her around like a rag doll, and pull her under water, where she drowned, but I wouldn’t be surprised if rage played a role. It’s tragic when anyone dies suddenly and traumatically, and my heart goes out to the trainer’s family, but is it really all that shocking when captive orcas “snap” and attack their "jailers?" These majestic animals are meant to swim free, not spend their lives in a virtual bathtub full of chlorinated water, performing tricks for human amusement. As I wrote in a previous post about SeaWorld, captive marine mammals are confined to tiny tanks that bear little resemblance to their natural homes. Even the largest pool in the world cannot come close to the vast open oceans where orcas and dolphins should rightfully live. In the wild, orcas swim up to 30mph and can travel at least 75 to 100 miles a day, but, in captivity, they are forced to swim in endless circles in barren 60‑foot concrete tanks. Some researchers believe that orcas may be the most socially bonded creature on earth. In their natural habitats, they live in close knit family units. Both male and female offspring typically remain with their mothers for life. Captive orcas often die prematurely. In the wild, they have a 60-year lifespan, but captive orcas rarely even reach age 35. In marine parks, orcas often exhibit neurotic and aggressive behaviors. SeaWorld says it is trying to “make sense” of the attack, but sensible people realize that keeping orcas in captivity makes no sense at all and is inherently dangerous. Tilikum was involved in two other deaths. After the current attack, Dr. Naomi Rose, a marine mammal scientist with The Humane Society of the United States, pointed out that whales are large, intelligent, long-lived, socially complex predators who often hunt cooperatively. Whales aren’t giant wind-up toys meant to do tricks on command. They deserve respect and freedom. As long as we keep trying to dominate orcas and other marine mammals—and profit at their expense—we should expect them to rebel, displaying their natural power and exhibiting inexplicable behaviors beyond our understanding or control. Steve McCulloch, the founder and program manager at the Marine Mammal Research and Conservation Program at Harbor Branch/Florida Atlantic University, pointed out that Tilikum may have been playing, but that it’s hard to say for sure. “I wouldn't jump to conclusions," he said. "These are very large powerful marine mammals. They exhibit this type of behavior in the wild." And that’s exactly where they belong. Dr. Rose has suggested that Tilikum be retired to a sea pen in Iceland, much like Keiko, the “star” of Free Willy. Fortunately, marine mammal acts are prohibited in a growing number of places. In Brazil, it is illegal to use marine mammals for entertainment; Israel has prohibited the importation of dolphins; and in England, consumer boycotts have forced all marine mammal exhibits to close. South Carolina banned whale and dolphin exhibits years ago; here’s hoping the rest of the country will now do the same. Caring people can help simply by boycotting SeaWorld and other marine parks. It’s hard to say if all the captive orcas, belugas, dolphins, and other marine mammals, can be “rehabilitated” and released, but one thing is for sure: Aquariums and marine mammal parks must not continue to operate as they are now.

Ingen plads - mange sygdomme
Når forestillingen er omme, er delfinen ofte overladt til sig selv uden mulighed for at udleve sine naturlige behov. Havde den været i det åbne hav, kunne den svømme nogle af de 80. km, som er naturligt for den at tilbagelægge dagligt. Det kan den ikke i et bassin. Udover de ringe pladsforhold, døjer delfinen også tit med sår fra solskoldning, fordi vandstanden i bassinet er lav. Den kan få øjeninfektioner på grund af kemikalier i vandet, infektioner der nogle gange resulterer i blindhed.
At delfiner lider i fangenskab, viser flere studier. Obducerede delfiner viser for eksempel ofte tydelige tegn på mavesår og stress. De dør typisk af stress-relaterede sygdomme eller klorin-forgiftning. Faktisk lever delfiner i bassin sjældent mere end fem år. I naturen lever de op til 40 år.
Det intelligente pattedyr bliver simpelthen ikke stimuleret nok indenfor bassinets begrænsede arealer og er tvunget til at leve uden sine artsfæller, som den normalt er tæt knyttet til. Vi vurderer at omkring hver anden delfin, der bliver flyttet fra havet til delfinarier, dør indenfor de første tre måneder i fangenskab.
Læs mere om delfiner i fangenskab (PDF 2.2MB)

Spar entrébilletten
Derfor, undlad et besøg i et delfinarium, hvis ferieturen går til Tyrkiet eller USA, hvor SeaWorld er en kæmpe turistattraktion – blot for at nævne et par af de mange lande, hvor delfinarier findes
Ved at spare entrébilletten støtter du ikke denne del af underholdningsbranchen men hjælper i stedet på sigt delfinerne blive, hvor de hører til – nemlig i naturen.

Kilde: WSPA

Kampen for at redde delfinerne.
Mange er ikke klar over, at delfiner bliver dræbt og solgt på kødmarkedet. Det har Richard Barry dog tænkt sig at sætte en stopper for.
Se  Richard Barry i Dansk TV:

http://go.tv2.dk/video.php/id-28806178.html

This is great to see. This happend on the beach of Brasil.

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